Elements for drawing

Elements to create drawing canvas

pl-drawing element

A pl-drawing element displays a canvas, which can be used to display initial drawing objects or expect drawing objects for grading.

The system of coordinates of the canvas is located at the top/left corner, as illustrated in the image below.

Sample element

<pl-drawing answers-name="fbd">
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
gradable boolean false gradable = true expects objects to be placed in the canvas for grading, when gradable = false the canvas will be used for display only, i.e. for plotting figures.
answers-name string Variable name to store student-input data in. This variable is required when gradable = true. The input data will be stored in data[“submitted_answers”][answers-name].
width integer 580 Horizontal width of the canvas (in pixels).
height integer 320 Vertical height of the canvas (in pixels).
grid-size integer 20 Size of the square grid for the canvas background (in pixels). If grid-size = 0, then the background is white.
snap-to-grid boolean false If true, objects placed in the canvas snap to closest grid point. Otherwise, they can be placed outside of the grid.
correct-answer string special Correct answer for grading. Defaults to data["correct_answers"][answers-name].
tol float 0.5*grid-size Tolerance to check the position of objects (in pixels). The error is calculated as the absolute difference between expected position and submitted one.
angle-tol float 10 Tolerance to check angles (in degrees). The error is calculated as the absolute difference between expected angle and submitted one.
show-tolerance-hint boolean true Show tolerance hint under the canvas. The default is true when gradable = true.
tolerance-hint string "The expected tolerance is 1/2 square grid." Hint explaining tolerance used when grading objects.
disregard-extra-elements boolean false If true, extra elements are ignored if they match the same reference object. Otherwise, multiple matching elements will reduce the awarded points.
hide-answer-panel boolean true If true, the correct answer is not displayed in the answer panel.

pl-drawing-initial element

A pl-drawing-initial will group objects that will be displayed in the canvas defined by pl-drawing.

For example, pl-drawing-initial can be used to create figures that are displayed as part of the question body:

<pl-drawing grid-size="0">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <!-- create the image here -->
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

And pl-drawing-initial can also be used to display initial objects in a canvas that will be used for grading. Objects inside pl-drawing-initial are not graded. Objects inside pl-drawing-answer are graded.

<pl-drawing gradable="true" answers-name="add-objects">

    <pl-drawing-initial>
    <!-- objects that define the correct answer are placed here -->
    </pl-drawing-initial>
    <pl-drawing-answer>
      <!-- objects that define the correct answer are placed here -->
    </pl-drawing-answer>

</pl-drawing>

The child element pl-drawing-answer is explained below in the Grading section.

Elements to create drawing objects

pl-coordinates element

A pl-coordinates element adds a 2D system of coordinates.

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-coordinates x1="60" y1="80" label="0" angle="30"></pl-coordinates>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 40 x position of the origin of the coordinate system w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner), i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 40 y position of the origin of the coordinate system w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner), i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
width float 40 Length of the arrow vector.
angle float 0 Angle of the coordinate system. Angle is positive when clockwise orientation.
label string - Text to label the center of the coordinate system
offsetx float -16 Horizontal distance of label from the origin of the coordinate system.
offsety float -10 Vertical distance of label from the origin of the coordinate system.
label-x string x Text to label the horizontal arrow vector (x-axis)
offsetx-label-x float 0 Horizontal distance of label-x from the origin of the coordinate system.
offsety-label-x float 0 Vertical distance of label-x from the origin of the coordinate system.
label-y string y Text to label the vertical arrow vector (y-axis)
offsetx-label-y float -20 Horizontal distance of label-y from the origin of the coordinate system.
offsety-label-y float -10 Vertical distance of label-y from the origin of the coordinate system.
color string black Set the color of the coordinate system ( PL colors or HTML colors )
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.
arrow-head-width float 1 Scale factor for the width of the arrow head.
arrow-head-length float 1 Scale factor for the length of the arrow head.

Example implementations

  • [demo/drawing/inclinedPlan]: Example that uses a system of coordinates

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-line element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-line x1="60" y1="80" x2="140" y2="120"></pl-line>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 10 x position for the start point for the line, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 10 y position for the start point for the line, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
width float 60 Width of the line.
angle float 0 Angle of rotation around the start point of the line. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
x2 float - x position for the end point for the line, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas. By default, (x2,y2) are determined from angle and width. If x2 and y2 are provided, then angle and width are replaced.
y2 float - y position for the end point for the line, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas. By default, (x2,y2) are determined from angle and width. If x2 and y2 are provided, then angle and width are replaced.
stroke-color string black Set the color of the line ( PL colors or HTML colors )
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.
dashed-size float _ Creates a dashed line with equally spaced dashed-sizepx fills.

Example implementations

pl-arc element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-line x1="0" y1="80" x2="60" y2="80" stroke-color="red"></pl-line>
        <pl-arc  x1="60" y1="120" radius="40" start-angle="270" end-angle="0" stroke-color="green"></pl-arc>
        <pl-line x1="100" y1="120" x2="100" y2="200" stroke-color="blue" ></pl-line>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 40 x position for the center of the arc, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the arc.
y1 float 40 y position for the center of the circle, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
radius float 20 Radius of the circle.
start-angle float 0 Start angle of the arc. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
end-angle float 90 End angle of the arc. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise. Arcs are formed from start-angle to end-angle going on clockwise orientation.
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the line ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.
dashed-size float _ Creates a dashed line with equally spaced dashed-sizepx fills.

Example implementations

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-point element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-point x1="60" y1="120" label="A"></pl-point>
        <pl-point x1="160" y1="60" label="B"></pl-point>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 20 x position of the point, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 20 y position of the point, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
radius float 4 Radius of the circle that defines the point.
label string - Text to label the point.
offsetx float 5 Horizontal distance of label from the point.
offsety float 5 Vertical distance of label from the point.
color string black Set the fill color of the point ( PL colors or HTML colors ).

Example implementations

  • demo/drawing/pulley: Example that includes a point in the canvas

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-triangle element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-triangle  x1="40" y1="180" x2="160" y2="180" x3="160" y3="40"></pl-triangle>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 20 x position for vertex 1, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 20 y position for vertex 1, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x2 float 20 x position for vertex 2, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y2 float 20 y position for vertex 2, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x3 float 20 x position for vertex 3, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y3 float 20 y position for vertex 3, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
color string red1 Set the fill color of the triangle ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the triangle.
stroke-width float 1 Set the width of the stroke.

Example implementations

  • demo/drawing/pulley: Example that includes a triangle

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-rectangle element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-rectangle  x1="80" y1="50" width="100" height="40"></pl-rectangle>
        <pl-rectangle  x1="120" y1="140" width="120" height="20" angle="30" color="pink1"></pl-rectangle>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 20 x position for the center of the rectangle, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 20 y position for the center of the rectangle, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
height float 20 Height of the rectangle.
width float 20 Width of the rectangle.
angle float 0 Angle of rotation around the center of the rectangle. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
color string green1 Set the fill color of the rectangle ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the rectangle.
stroke-width float 1 Set the width of the stroke.

Example implementations

  • demo/drawing/pulley: Example that includes a rectangle

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-circle element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-circle  x1="40" y1="100" radius="30" color="#95A5A6" stroke-width="3"></pl-circle>
        <pl-circle  x1="120" y1="100" radius="50" color="#D0D3D4"></pl-circle>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 20 x position for the center of the circle, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 20 y position for the center of the circle, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
radius float 20 Radius of the circle.
color string gray1 Set the fill color of the circle ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the circle.
stroke-width float 1 Set the width of the stroke.
label string - Text to label the center of the circle.
offsetx float 5 Horizontal distance of label from the center of the circle.
offsety float 5 Vertical distance of label1 from the center of the circle

Example implementations

pl-polygon element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-polygon plist='[{"x": 40, "y": 40}, {"x": 140,"y": 80}, {"x": 60,"y": 180}]' ></pl-polygon>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
plist string '' List of the vertices that form the polygon.
color string gray1 Set the fill color of the circle ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the circle.
stroke-width float 1 Set the width of the stroke.

To draw a polygon with n vertices, each one with coordinates (xi,yi), the string plist is given as a dictionar with the following format:

plist = '[{"x": x1, "y": y1}, {"x": x2,"y": x2}, ... , {"x": xn,"y": yn}]'

For an example that uses server.py to generate plist refer to QID: Example-pl-drawing-beam-cross-section

Example implementations

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-rod element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-rod x1="60" y1="80" x2="120" y2="100"></pl-rod>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 40 x position for the first end of the rod, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 20 y position for the first end of the rod, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x2 float 80 x position for the second end of the rod, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y2 float 20 y position for the second end of the rod, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
width float 20 Thickness of the rod.
draw-pin boolean true Draw the pin location in both ends of the rod.
label1 string - Text to label the first end of the rod.
offsetx1 float 2 Horizontal distance of label1 from the first end of the rod.
offsety1 float 2 Vertical distance of label1 from the first end of the rod.
label2 string - Text to label the first end of the rod.
offsetx2 float 2 Horizontal distance of label2 from the first end of the rod.
offsety2 float 2 Vertical distance of label2 from the first end of the rod.
color string white Set the fill color of the rod ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the rod.
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.

Example implementations

  • demo/drawing/vMDiagrams: Example that includes a rod

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-3pointrod element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-3pointrod x1="40" y1="100" x2="100" y2="100" x3="100" y3="180"></pl-3pointrod>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 40 x position for the first end of the rod, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 100 y position for the first end of the rod, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x2 float 100 x position of the center point of the rod, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y2 float 100 y position of the center point of the rod, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x3 float 100 x position for the second end of the rod, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y3 float 140 y position for the second end of the rod, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
width float 20 Thickness of the rod.
draw-pin boolean true Draw the pin location in both ends of the rod.
label1 string - Text to label the first end of the rod.
offsetx1 float 0 Horizontal distance of label1 from the first end of the rod.
offsety1 float -20 Vertical distance of label1 from the first end of the rod.
label2 string - Text to label the middle point of the rod.
offsetx2 float 0 Horizontal distance of label2 from the first end of the rod.
offsety2 float -20 Vertical distance of label2 from the first end of the rod.
label3 string - Text to label the second end of the rod.
offsetx3 float 0 Horizontal distance of label3 from the first end of the rod.
offsety3 float -20 Vertical distance of label3 from the first end of the rod.
color string white Set the fill color of the rod ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the rod.
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.

Example implementations

pl-4pointrod element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-4pointrod ></pl-4pointrod>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 40 x position for the first end of the rod, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 100 y position for the first end of the rod, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x2 float 100 x position of the center point of the rod, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y2 float 100 y position of the center point of the rod, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x3 float 100 x position for the second end of the rod, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y3 float 160 y position for the second end of the rod, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x4 float 140 x position for the third end of the rod, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y4 float 60 y position for the third end of the rod, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
width float 20 Thickness of the rod.
draw-pin boolean true Draw the pin location in both ends of the rod.
label1 string - Text to label the first end of the rod.
offsetx1 float 0 Horizontal distance of label1 from the first end of the rod.
offsety1 float -20 Vertical distance of label1 from the first end of the rod.
label2 string - Text to label the middle point of the rod.
offsetx2 float 0 Horizontal distance of label2 from the first end of the rod.
offsety2 float -20 Vertical distance of label2 from the first end of the rod.
label3 string - Text to label the second end of the rod.
offsetx3 float 0 Horizontal distance of label3 from the first end of the rod.
offsety3 float -20 Vertical distance of label3 from the first end of the rod.
label4 string - Text to label the third end of the rod.
offsetx4 float 0 Horizontal distance of label4 from the first end of the rod.
offsety4 float -20 Vertical distance of label4 from the first end of the rod.
color string white Set the fill color of the rod ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the rod.
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.

Example implementations

pl-collar-rod element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-collar-rod x1="60" y1="100" x2="160" y2="100"></pl-collar-rod>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 40 x position for the first end of the rod, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 40 y position for the first end of the rod, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x2 float 100 x position for the second end of the rod, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y2 float 40 y position for the second end of the rod, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
width float 20 Thickness of the rod.
draw-pin boolean true Draw the pin location in both ends of the rod.
label1 string - Text to label the first end of the rod.
offsetx1 float 2 Horizontal distance of label1 from the first end of the rod.
offsety1 float 2 Vertical distance of label1 from the first end of the rod.
label2 string - Text to label the first end of the rod.
offsetx2 float 2 Horizontal distance of label2 from the first end of the rod.
offsety2 float 2 Vertical distance of label2 from the first end of the rod.
draw-collar-end1 boolean true Draw a collar end at (x1,y1).
w1 float 1.5*width The width of the collar at end 1.
h1 float 2*width The height of the collar at end 1.
draw-collar-end2 boolean false Draw a collar end at (x2,y2).
w2 float 1.5*width The width of the collar at end 2.
h2 float 2*width The height of the collar at end 2.
color string white Set the fill color of the rod ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the rod.
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.

Example implementations

  • demo/drawing/collarRod: Example that uses a collar rod

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-fixed-pin element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-fixed-pin x1="100" y1="100"></pl-fixed-pin>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 20 x position for the center of the pin, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 20 y position for the first end of the rod, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
height float 40 Height of the pin support, measured from the top of the base (ground) to the center of the pin.
width float 30 Width of the pin support.
angle float 0 Angle of rotation around the center of the pin. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
draw-pin boolean true Draw the location of the pin.
draw-ground boolean true Draw the rectangular base/ground.
label string - Text to label the pin support.
offsetx float 2 Horizontal distance of label from the center of the pin.
offsety float 2 Vertical distance of label from the center of the pin.
color string brown1 Set the fill color of the pin support ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the pin support.
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.

Example implementations

  • demo/drawing/vMDiagrams: Example that uses a fixed pin as boundary condition

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-roller element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-roller x1="60" y1="100"></pl-roller>
        <pl-fixed-pin x1="140" y1="100"  color="green1" ></pl-fixed-pin>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 20 x position for the center of the pin, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 20 y position for the first end of the pin, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
height float 40 Height of the roller support, measured from the top of the base (ground) to the center of the pin.
width float 30 Width of the roller support.
angle float 0 Angle of rotation around the center of the pin. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
draw-pin boolean true Draw the location of the pin.
draw-ground boolean true Draw the rectangular base/ground.
label string - Text to label the roller support.
offsetx float 2 Horizontal distance of label from the center of the pin.
offsety float 2 Vertical distance of label from the center of the pin.
color string brown1 Set the fill color of the roller support ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the roller.
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.

Example implementations

  • demo/drawing/vMDiagrams: Example that uses a roller as boundary condition

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-clamped element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
      <pl-roller  x1="140" y1="100" width="40" color="gray1"></pl-roller>
      <pl-rod x1="40" y1="100" x2="140" y2="100" draw-pin="false"></pl-rod>
      <pl-clamped x1="40" y1="100" height="60" width="20"></pl-clamped>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 20 x position for the clamped point, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 20 y position for the clamped, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
height float 40 Height of the clamped support (rectangle).
width float 20 Width of the clamped support (rectangle).
angle float 0 Angle of rotation around the clamped point. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
label string - Text to label the pin support.
offsetx float 2 Horizontal distance of label from the center of the pin.
offsety float 2 Vertical distance of label from the center of the pin.
color string black Fill color for the clamped support using a gradient from white to color ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.

Example implementations

  • demo/drawing/collarRod: Example that uses a clamped end as boundary condition

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-spring element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200" grid-size="20">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-spring x1=50 y1=40 width=140 draw-pin="true"></pl-spring>
        <pl-spring x1=20 y1=80 angle=20 width=120 height=20 interval=5></pl-spring>
        <pl-spring x1=20 y1=160 width=30 height=20 stroke-color="purple3"></pl-spring>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 20 x position for the start point for the spring, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 20 y position for the start point for the spring, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
width float 60 Length of the spring.
angle float 0 Angle of rotation around the start point of the spring. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
height float 40 Height of the spring.
interval float 10 Interval between each angled line. This interval is recalculated if the spring width is too short.
x2 float - x position for the end point for the spring, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas. By default, (x2,y2) are determined from angle and width. If x2 and y2 are provided, then angle and width are replaced.
y2 float - y position for the end point for the spring, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas. By default, (x2,y2) are determined from angle and width. If x2 and y2 are provided, then angle and width are replaced.
stroke-color string black Set the color of the spring ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.
draw-pin boolean false Draw points at the spring ends.

Example implementations

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-pulley element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-pulley  x1="100" y1="150"  x2="20" y2="120" x3="140" y3="60" radius="40"  ></pl-pulley>
        <pl-pulley  x1="50" y1="40"  x2="50" y2="100" x3="160" y3="40" color="blue1" ></pl-pulley>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 40 x position for the center of the pulley, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 40 y position for the center of the pulley, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x2 float 10 x position for the first point defining the end of the pulley line, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y2 float 10 y position for the first point defining the end of the pulley line, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x3 float 120 x position for the second point defining the end of the pulley line, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y3 float 60 y position for the second point defining the end of the pulley line, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
alternative-path boolean false Selects the other tangent points at the pulley that connects to points (x2,y2) and (x3,y3). By default, it draws the shortest path.
radius float 20 Radius of the pulley.
label string - Text to label the pulley.
offsetx float 2 Horizontal distance of label from the center of the pulley.
offsety float 2 Vertical distance of label from the center of the pulley.
color string gray Set the fill color of the pulley ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the pulley.
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.

Example implementations

  • demo/drawing/pulley: Example that includes a pulley system

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-dimensions element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-rod        x1="60" y1="100" x2="120"  y2="40" height="60"></pl-rod>
        <pl-dimensions x1="60" y1="100" x2="120"  y2="40" ></pl-dimensions>
        <pl-dimensions x1="60" y1="100" x2="120"  y2="40" dim-offset="-40" stroke-color="brown" start-support-line="true" end-support-line="true"></pl-dimensions>
        <pl-dimensions x1="60" y1="100" x2="120"  y2="40" dim-offset="60"  dim-offset-angle="0" stroke-color="blue3" start-support-line="true" end-support-line="true"></pl-dimensions>
        <pl-dimensions x1="60" y1="100" x2="120"  y2="40" dim-offset="100" dim-offset-angle="-90" stroke-color="green3"></pl-dimensions>
        <pl-dimensions x1="60" y1="100" width="60" stroke-color="pink3" label="a"></pl-dimensions>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 10 x position for the start point for the line, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 10 y position for the start point for the line, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
width float 40 Width of the line.
angle float 0 Angle of rotation around the start point of the line. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
x2 float - x position for the end point for the line, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas. By default, (x2,y2) are determined from angle and width. If x2 and y2 are provided, then angle and width are replaced.
y2 float - y position for the end point for the line, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas. By default, (x2,y2) are determined from angle and width. If x2 and y2 are provided, then angle and width are replaced.
dim-offset float 0 By default, the dimension is placed between points (x1,y1) and (x2,y2). When dim-offset is different than zero, the dimension is translated parallel to the direction defined by (x1,y1) and (x2,y2), with an offset distance dim-offset.
dim-offset-angle float - When dim-offset-angle is defined, the dimension has the orientation defined by dim-offset-angle about the point (x1,y1), and the dim-offset is the distance from (x1,y1).
start-support-line boolean false When true it draws a dashed line connecting the reference point (x1,y1) and the point where the dimension line starts (which are different when dim-offset is not zero).
end-support-line boolean false When true it draws a dashed line connecting the reference point (x2,y2) and the point where the dimension line finishes (which are different when dim-offset is not zero).
label string - Text to label the dimension.
offsetx float 0 Horizontal distance of label from the center of the dimension line.
offsety float 0 Vertical distance of label from the center of the dimension line.
stroke-color string black Set the color of the line ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-width float 1 Set the width of the stroke.
draw-start-arrow boolean true Draw an arrow head at the start point of the line.
draw-end-arrow boolean true Draw an arrow head at the end point of the line.
arrow-head-width float 1.5 Scale factor for the width of the arrow head.
arrow-head-length float 1.5 Scale factor for the length of the arrow head.

Example implementations

pl-arc-dimensions element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-fixed-pin x1="80" y1="100" angle="50" color="turquoise1"></pl-fixed-pin>
        <pl-coordinates x1="80" y1="100" width="80"></pl-coordinates>
        <pl-arc-dimensions x1="80" y1="100" end-angle="50" label="\\theta" offsetx="5" offsety=-5 end-support-line="true"></pl-arc-dimensions>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 20 x position for the center of the arc, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 20 y position for the center of the arc, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
radius float 40 Radius of the arc.
start-angle float 0 Start angle of the arc. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
end-angle float 60 End angle of the arc. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise. Arcs are formed from start-angle to end-angle going on clockwise orientation.
start-support-line boolean false When true it draws a dashed line from the reference point (x1,y1) with width 1.5*radius and orientation given by start-angle,
end-support-line boolean false When true it draws a dashed line from the reference point (x2,y2) with width 1.5*radius and orientation given by end-angle,
draw-center boolean false Draw the center of the arc.
draw-start-arrow boolean false Draw an arrow head at the start-angle.
draw-end-arrow boolean true Draw an arrow head at the end-angle.
label string - Text to label the arc angle.
offsetx float 0 Horizontal distance of label from the center of the arc.
offsety float 0 Vertical distance of label from the center of the arc.
stroke-color string black Set the stroke color of the arc ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-width float 1 Set the width of the stroke.
arrow-head-width float 1 Scale factor for the width of the arrow head.
arrow-head-length float 1 Scale factor for the length of the arrow head.

Example implementations

pl-vector element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-point x1="100" y1="100" ></pl-point>
        <pl-line x1="20" y1="20" angle="45" width="240" dashed-size="4" stroke-width="1"></pl-line>
        <pl-vector x1="100" y1="100" width="80" angle="45" label="F"></pl-vector>
        <pl-vector x1="100" y1="100" width="80" angle="45" color="green3" anchor-is-tail="false"></pl-vector>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 30 x position for the anchor point of the vector, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 10 y position for the anchor point of the vector , i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
anchor-is-tail boolean true the anchor point (x1,y1) is the tail of the vector.
width float 80 Length of the vector.
angle float 0 Angle of rotation around the starting point of the vector. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
label string - Text to label the vector.
offsetx float 2 Horizontal distance of label from the head of the vector.
offsety float 2 Vertical distance of label from the head of the vector.
color string red3 Set the color of the vector ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-width float 3 Set the width of the stroke.
arrow-head-width float 1 Scale factor for the width of the arrow head.
arrow-head-length float 1 Scale factor for the length of the arrow head.
disregard-sense boolean false When disregard-sense=false both the location of the anchor and the angle should match within the tolerance. When disregard-sense=true, the correctness of the vector only considers the position of the anchor point and direction (i.e. the vector in the opposite direction is also considered as correct).
draw-error-box boolean - Draw the error bounding box, where the location of the anchor point is accepted as correct.
offset-forward float 0 Length of the bounding box measured from the anchor point in the same orientation of the vector.
offset-backward float width Length of the bounding box measured from the anchor point in the opposite orientation of the vector.
optional-grading boolean false When true, the grading algorithm will not assign point values for the object, but it won't penalize either.

More information about the grading attributes in the Grading section below.

Example implementations

pl-double-headed-vector element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-double-headed-vector x1="40" y1="120" width="120" color="blue" angle="-30"></pl-double-headed-vector>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 30 x position for the anchor point of the vector, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 10 y position for the anchor point of the vector , i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
anchor-is-tail boolean true the anchor point (x1,y1) is the tail of the vector.
width float 80 Length of the vector.
angle float 0 Angle of rotation around the starting point of the vector. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
label string - Text to label the vector.
offsetx float 2 Horizontal distance of label from the head of the vector.
offsety float 2 Vertical distance of label from the head of the vector.
color string red3 Set the color of the vector ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-width float 3 Set the width of the stroke.
arrow-head-width float 1 Scale factor for the width of the arrow head.
arrow-head-length float 1 Scale factor for the length of the arrow head.
disregard-sense boolean false When disregard-sense=false both the location of the anchor and the angle should match within the tolerance. When disregard-sense=true, the correctness of the vector only considers the position of the anchor point and direction (i.e. the vector in the opposite direction is also considered as correct).
draw-error-box boolean - Draw the error bounding box, where the location of the anchor point is accepted as correct.
offset-forward float 0 Length of the bounding box measured from the anchor point in the same orientation of the vector.
offset-backward float width Length of the bounding box measured from the anchor point in the opposite orientation of the vector.
optional-grading boolean false When true, the grading algorithm will not assign point values for the object, but it won't penalize either.

Example implementations

pl-arc-vector element

Sample element

<pl-drawing width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-arc-vector x1="80" y1="80" label="M" radius="60" stroke-width="2"></pl-arc-vector>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 40 x position for the center of the arc vector, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 40 y position for the center of the arc vector, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
radius float 30 Radius of the arc vector.
start-angle float 0 Start angle of the arc. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
end-angle float 210 End angle of the arc vector. Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise. Arcs are formed from start-angle to end-angle going on clockwise orientation.
draw-center boolean true Draw the center of the arc vector.
clockwise-direction boolean true Defines the orientation of the arc vector. Draw an arc vector in the clockwise direction by default.
label string - Text to label the arc vector angle.
offsetx float 0 Horizontal distance of label from the center of the arc vector.
offsety float 0 Vertical distance of label from the center of the arc vector.
color string purple Set the stroke color of the arc ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-width float 3 Set the width of the stroke.
arrow-head-width float 1 Scale factor for the width of the arrow head.
arrow-head-length float 1 Scale factor for the length of the arrow head.
disregard-sense boolean false When disregard-sense=true, the correctness of the arc vector only considers the position of the anchor point.
draw-error-box boolean - Draw the error bounding box, where the location of the anchor point is accepted as correct.

Example implementations

pl-distributed-load element

Sample element

  <pl-drawing  width="200" height="200">
      <pl-drawing-initial>
          <pl-distributed-load x1="50" y1="40" width="60" ></pl-distributed-load>
          <pl-distributed-load x1="100" y1="160" width="80" w1="0" w2="40" color="green3" anchor-is-tail="false" stroke-width="2"></pl-distributed-load>
          <pl-distributed-load x1="160" y1="60" width="80" w1="30" w2="60" angle="90" color="brown"></pl-distributed-load>
      </pl-drawing-initial>
  </pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 20 x position for the center of the baseline, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 20 y position for the center of the baseline, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
anchor-is-tail boolean true the anchor point (x1,y1) is the tail of the vector.
width float 40 Range of the distributed load.
spacing float 20 Spacing between the vectors.
w1 float 40 Height of the distributed load at the start of the range.
w2 float 40 Height of the distributed load at the end of the range.
angle float 0 Angle of rotation around the center of the baseline, i.e., point (x1,y1). Angles are measured from the horizontal axis and are positive clockwise.
label1 string - Text to label the height of the vectors at the start of the range.
offsetx1 float 2 Horizontal distance of label1 from the vector at the start of the range.
offsety1 float 2 Vertical distance of label1 from the vector at the start of the range.
label2 string - Text to label the height of the vectors at the start of the range.
offsetx2 float 2 Horizontal distance of label2 from the vector at the start of the range.
offsety2 float 2 Vertical distance of label2 from the vector at the start of the range.
color string blue Set the stroke color of the arc ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-width float 3 Set the width of the stroke.
arrow-head-width float 1 Scale factor for the width of the arrow head.
arrow-head-length float 1 Scale factor for the length of the arrow head.
disregard-sense boolean false When disregard-sense=false both the location of the anchor and the angle should match within the tolerance. When disregard-sense=true, the correctness of the vector only considers the position of the anchor point and direction (i.e. the vector in the opposite direction is also considered as correct).
draw-error-box boolean - Draw the error bounding box, where the location of the anchor point is accepted as correct.
offset-forward float 0 Length of the bounding box measured from the anchor point in the same orientation of the distributed load.
offset-backward float max(w1,w2) Length of the bounding box measured from the anchor point in the opposite orientation of the distributed load.

Example implementations

  • demo/drawing/simpleTutorial: Tutorial example that includes distributed loads

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-controlled-line element

Sample element

<pl-drawing  width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-controlled-line x1="40" y1="40" x2="120" y2="80" draw-error-box="true" offset-tol-x="20" ></pl-controlled-line>
        <pl-controlled-line x1="60" y1="140" x2="160" y2="140" color="blue" stroke-width="6" handle-radius="8" ></pl-controlled-line>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 20 x position of one of the end points w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner), i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 40 y position of one of the end points w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner), i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x2 float 40 x position of one of the end points w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner), i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y2 float 40 y position of one of the end points w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner), i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
draw-error-box boolean - Draw the error bounding box, where the location of the end points and control point are accepted as correct.
offset-tol-x float 0 Tolerance offset in the horizontal direction. The error bounding box has horizontal dimension equals to 2*(tol + offset-tol-x) where tol is defined as an attribute of pl-drawing (or the default is 1/2 grid). The end point is at the center of the bounding box.
offset-tol-y float 0 Tolerance offset in the vertical direction. The error bounding box has vertical dimension equals to 2*(tol + offset-tol-y) where tol is defined as an attribute of pl-drawing (or the default is 1/2 grid). The end point is at the center of the bounding box.
color string red Set the color of the coordinate system ( PL colors or HTML colors )
stroke-width float 4 Set the width of the stroke.
handle-radius float 6 Set the radius of the circle handles that define the end and control points.

Example implementations

  • demo/drawing/graphs: Example that includes controlled lines for graph sketching

  • demo/drawing/vMDiagrams: Example that includes controlled lines for graph sketching

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-controlled-curved-line element

Sample element

<pl-drawing  width="200" height="200">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-controlled-curved-line x1="20" y1="20" x2="160" y2="20" x3="40" y3="140" draw-error-box="true"  offset-control-tol-x="20" offset-control-tol-y="30"></pl-controlled-curved-line>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
x1 float 20 x position of one of the end points w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner), i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 40 y position of one of the end points w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner), i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x2 float 60 x position of one of the end points w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner), i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y2 float 40 y position of one of the end points w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner), i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
x3 float 40 x position of the control point for the quadratic curve (middle point) w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner), i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y3 float 60 y position of the control point for the quadratic curve (middle point) w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner), i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
draw-error-box boolean - Draw the error bounding box, where the location of the end points and control point are accepted as correct.
offset-tol-x float 0 Tolerance offset in the horizontal direction for the end points. The error bounding box has horizontal dimension equals to 2*(tol + offset-tol-x) where tol is defined as an attribute of pl-drawing (or the default is 1/2 grid). The end point is at the center of the bounding box.
offset-tol-y float 0 Tolerance offset in the vertical direction for the end points. The error bounding box has vertical dimension equals to 2*(tol + offset-tol-y) where tol is defined as an attribute of pl-drawing (or the default is 1/2 grid). The end point is at the center of the bounding box.
offset-control-tol-x float 0 Tolerance offset in the horizontal direction for the control point. The error bounding box has horizontal dimension equals to 2*(tol + offset-tol-x) where tol is defined as an attribute of pl-drawing (or the default is 1/2 grid). The control point is at the center of the bounding box.
offset-control-tol-y float 0 Tolerance offset in the vertical direction for the control point. The error bounding box has vertical dimension equals to 2*(tol + offset-tol-y) where tol is defined as an attribute of pl-drawing (or the default is 1/2 grid). The control point is at the center of the bounding box.
color string red Set the color of the coordinate system ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-width float 4 Set the width of the stroke.
handle-radius float 6 Set the radius of the circle handles that define the end and control points.

Example implementations

  • demo/drawing/graphs: Example that includes controlled curved lines for graph sketching

  • demo/drawing/vMDiagrams: Example that includes controlled curved lines for graph sketching

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

pl-text element

Sample element

<pl-drawing  width="200" height="200" grid-size="0">
    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-text x1="20" y1="40" label="Moment of inertia:" latex="false"></pl-text>
        <pl-text x1="20" y1="80" label="\\int_A y^2 dA" ></pl-text>
    </pl-drawing-initial>
</pl-drawing>

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
label string - Text to be added.
latex boolean true Adds the text in label using latex. Otherwise, uses Times New Romans.
font-size float 16 Font size.
x1 float 20 x position for the top-left corner of the text, i.e., the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas.
y1 float 20 y position for the top-left corner of the text, i.e., the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas
offsetx float 0 Offset in x direction from x1
offsety float 0 Offset in y direction from y1

Example implementations

  • [element/drawingGallery]: Image gallery with drawing objects

Creating group of elements

pl-drawing-group element

The element pl-drawing-group combines several elements as a group, to allow groups of elements to be turned visible or not.

<pl-drawing>
  <pl-drawing-initial>

      <pl-drawing-group visible="true">
          <!-- objects here will be displayed -->
      </pl-drawing-group>

      <pl-drawing-group visible="false">
          <!-- objects here will not be displayed -->
      </pl-drawing-group>
</pl-drawing>

Example implementations

Elements to set up a grading canvas

pl-drawing-group element

The element pl-drawing-answer is required when setting a drawing canvas for grading, but there are other elements as well that can be helpful. The example below illustrates typical parts of a grading canvas.

Sample element

<pl-drawing grid-size="20" gradable="true" answers-name="box" width="320">

    <pl-drawing-answer draw-error-box="true">
        <pl-vector x1="160" y1="160"  angle="-45"></pl-vector>
    </pl-drawing-answer>

    <pl-drawing-initial>
        <pl-coordinates x1="160" y1="160" width="100" angle="0" label="A" offsetx=-20></pl-coordinates>
    </pl-drawing-initial>

    <pl-controls>
        <pl-controls-group label="Graded objects:" >
            <pl-drawing-button type="pl-vector"></pl-drawing-button>
        </pl-controls-group>
        <pl-controls-group label="Delete button:">
            <pl-drawing-button type="delete"></pl-drawing-button>
        </pl-controls-group>
    </pl-controls>
</pl-drawing>

pl-drawing-answer element

This element will wrap all the elements that will be graded (checked for correctness).

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
draw-error-box boolean false When true, the objects that are placed inside pl-drawing-answer will be displayed with their respective error bounding boxes in the answer panel.

In the example above, pl-vector is the only object that is graded. The corresponding answer panel is given as:

pl-drawing-initial element

This element will wrap all the elements included in the grading canvas that will not be graded. The objects from pl-drawing-initial and pl-drawing-answer are combined when showing the correct answer in the correct panel.

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
draw-error-box boolean false When true, the objects that are placed inside pl-drawing-initial will be displayed with their respective error bounding boxes in the answer panel.

The final version of a question should not have the attribute draw-error-box. However this attribute can be helpful during the process of creating a question. Authors have the option of starting the grading canvas including all the objects in pl-drawing-initial with draw-error-box=true, to see how the graded objects are placed in the canvas, and if the default tolerances are reasonable for the specific question, or if adjustments are needed. Once the question is completed, the objects that are expected to be graded can be removed from pl-drawing-initial and added to pl-drawing-answer. The author can decide if the students should see the error box when the correct answer is displayed. By default, draw-error-box="false".

pl-controls element

The element pl-controls will add the buttons that allows students to place objects in the canvas. The element pl-controls-group can be used to group buttons that have similar properties, for example, graded and non-graded objects.

<pl-controls>
  <pl-controls-group label="Graded objects:" >
      <pl-drawing-button type="pl-vector"></pl-drawing-button>
  </pl-controls-group>
  <pl-controls-group label="Delete button:">
      <pl-drawing-button type="delete"></pl-drawing-button>
  </pl-controls-group>
</pl-controls>

The pl-controls element requires only one attribute, type, which corresponds with an element name defined above. When a user clicks on the control button, the element will be generated with all of its default values. To override any default, any attribute that can be set on the element to be created (that which is specified in type) can be added to pl-controls as an optional attribute. (See demoDrawingCustomizedButtons below for an example)

Example implementations

The example demo/drawing/gradeVector illustrates all the pl-drawing-buttons that have grading routines implemented.

The example [demo/drawing/buttons] illustrates all the pl-drawing-buttons that can create placeable objects.

The example [demo/drawing/customizedButtons] illustrates how custom objects can be generated via buttons.

pl-drawing-buttons element

To insert a point:

<pl-drawing-button type="pl-point"></pl-drawing-button>

This button adds a point to the canvas. The grading algorithm will check if the submitted point is within the error box. By default, the error box for pl-point is a square centered at the correct point, with side of length tol = 0.5*grid-size. The tolerance tol is an attribute of pl-drawing to make sure that all elements use the same tolerance.

To insert a vector:

<pl-drawing-button type="pl-vector"></pl-drawing-button>

This button adds a vector to the canvas. A vector is marked as correct when the position of the anchor point (tail of the vector) is within the error bounding box and the absolute error of the angle is less than angle-tol.

By default, the error box for pl-vector is a rectangle aligned with direction of the vector. The width of the rectangle is tol and the height is hb + hf, as illustrated below. hb = offset-backward + tol and hf = offset-forward + tol. The attribute offset-backward is set to the length of the vector by default. The attribute offset-forward is set to zero by default. The tolerances tol and angle-tol are attributes of pl-drawing to make sure that all elements use the same tolerance.

If the orientation of the vector is not important, so that vectors p and -p are both considered correct, the attribute disregard-sense should be set to true.

If a vector is expected as a correct answer, but the author does not want to assign a grade to it, the attribute optional-grading can be set to true. In this case, the grading algorithm will not assign points to the vector, but will not penalize students either by considering it as extra objects.

To insert an arc vector:

<pl-drawing-button type="pl-arc-vector-CWW"></pl-drawing-button>
<pl-drawing-button type="pl-arc-vector-CW"></pl-drawing-button>

This button adds an arc vector to the canvas. The arc vector is marked as correct when the position of the anchor point (center of the arc vector) is within the error bounding box and the orientation is correct.

By default, the error box for pl-arc-vector is a square centered at the anchor point, with side of length tol = 0.5*grid-size. The tolerance tol is an attribute of pl-drawing to make sure that all elements use the same tolerance.

If the orientation of the arc vector is not important (both clockwise and counter-clockwise orientations are accepted), the attribute disregard-sense should be set to true.

To insert a distributed load:

<pl-drawing-button type="pl-distributed-load" w1="20"  anchor_is_tail="true"></pl-drawing-button>
<pl-drawing-button type="pl-distributed-load" w1="20"  anchor_is_tail="false"></pl-drawing-button>
<pl-drawing-button type="pl-distributed-load"></pl-drawing-button>

This button adds a distributed load to the canvas. A distributed load is marked as correct when the position of the anchor point (center of the baseline) is within the error bounding box, the absolute error of the angle is less than angle-tol, the absolute error of the range (interval) is less than tol, and the expected distribution is matched (if uniform, w1 = w2 and for triangular load, w1>w2 or w2>w1 from submitted answer match the correct answer).

The error box for pl-distributed-load is defined in the same way as pl-vector but considering the anchor point as the center of the baseline. If the orientation of the distributed load is not important, the attribute disregard-sense should be set to true.

To insert a "help" line:

<pl-drawing-button type="help-line"></pl-drawing-button>

This button will add a line to the canvas that is not graded, but can be used by students to facilitate the placement of other objects.

To delete any object previously placed in the canvas:

<pl-drawing-button type="delete"></pl-drawing-button>

This button deletes objects that were previously placed on the canvas.

Elements for sketching plots

<pl-drawing-initial>
    <pl-axes origin='{"x": 80, "y": 200}'
             supporting-lines='[{"x":80},{"x":160},{"x":320}]'
             grid-label='[ {"axis": "x", "pos": 80,  "lab": "4" },
                       {"axis": "x", "pos": 160, "lab": "8" },
                       {"axis": "x", "pos": 320, "lab": "16" },
                       {"axis": "y", "pos": 40,  "lab": "2" },
                       {"axis": "y", "pos": -40, "lab": "-2" },
                       {"axis": "y", "pos": 80,  "lab": "4" },
                       {"axis": "y", "pos": -80, "lab": "-4" },
                       {"axis": "y", "pos": 120,"lab": "6" },
                       {"axis": "y", "pos": -120,"lab": "-6" }]' >
    </pl-axes>

    <pl-graph-line origin='{"x": 80, "y": 200}'
                   end-points='[{"x": 0, "y": 0}, {"x": 80, "y": 80}, {"x": 40, "y": 80}]'
                   offset-control-tol-x="20">
    </pl-graph-line>

    <pl-graph-line origin='{"x": 80, "y": 200}'
                   end-points='[{"x": 80, "y": -80}, {"x": 160, "y": -80}]'
                   offset-control-tol-y="30"
                   end-gradients='[-2,2]' >
    </pl-graph-line>

    <pl-graph-line origin='{"x": 80, "y": 200}'
                   end-points='[{"x": 160, "y": -80}, {"x": 320, "y": 0}]' >
    </pl-graph-line>
</pl-drawing-initial>

Example implementations

pl-axes element

A pl-axes element adds two axes to define the coordinate plane for sketching plots.

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
origin string '{"x": 0, "y": 0}' Position of the origin of the coordinate system w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner). "x" is the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas. "y" is the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
xneg float 20 Length of the negative part of the x-axis.
yneg float 160 Length of the negative part of the y-axis.
xpos float 400 Length of the positive part of the x-axis.
ypos float 160 Length of the positive part of the y-axis.
label-x string 'x' Text to label the x-axis.
offsetx-label-x float 0 Horizontal offset distance of label-x.
offsety-label-x float 0 Vertical offset distance of label-x.
label-y string 'y' Text to label the y-axis.
offsetx-label-y float -30 Horizontal offset distance of label-y.
offsety-label-y float -10 Vertical offset distance of label-y.
supporting-lines string Add additional grid lines to help with the sketching. For example, '[{"x":80},{"y":40}]' adds a vertical line passing through position x=80 with respect to origin, i.e., the origin of the coordinate system defined by the plot axes. It also adds a horizontal line passing through y=40 with respect to origin.
grid-label string Add labels to specified grid points. For example, '[ {"axis": "x", "pos": 80, "lab": "4" } ]' adds the label 4 at position x=80 with respect to origin. If additional adjustment of the position of the label is needed, this attribute can have two additional optional keys: offsetx and offsety, i.e., '[ {"axis": "x", "pos": 80, "lab": "4", "offsetx": 10, "offsety":20 } ]'
color string black Set the color of the coordinate system ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-width float 2 Set the width of the stroke.

pl-graph-line element

A pl-graph-line element adds straight or quadratic lines to plots. It wraps the elements pl-controlled-line and pl-controlled-curved-line so that the end and control points can be defined with respect to the origin of the plot, instead of the origin of the canvas. When only two points are given, it draws straight lines. If three points are given, it draws a quadratic curve. It also provides an option to create quadratic curves using the gradient information of the end points, instead of giving the position of the control point.

Customizations

Attribute Type Default Description
origin string '{"x": 0, "y": 0}' Position of the origin of the coordinate system w.r.t the origin of the canvas (top/left corner). "x" is the horizontal distance from the left border of the canvas. "y" is the vertical distance from the top border of the canvas.
end-points string Provides the coordinates of the end points of the line w.r.t origin, i.e., the origin of the coordinate system defined by the plot axes. For example, a straight line is defined by two end points, given by end-points='[{"x": 80, "y": -80}, {"x": 160, "y": -80}]'. To plot a quadratic curve, the control point coordinates can be provided as the third element of the list, i.e., end-points='[{"x": 0, "y": 0}, {"x": 80, "y": 80}, {"x": 40, "y": 80}]'.
end-gradients string Provides the derivative of the line at the end points. This information is used to determine the position of the control point when plotting quadratic curves. Note that only one of the options can be used to plot quadratic curves: either provide end-gradients or the third point in the list end-points.
draw-error-box boolean - Draw the error bounding box, where the location of the end points and control point are accepted as correct.
offset-tol-x float 0 Half the length of the bounding box in the x-direction. The end point is at the center of the bounding box.
offset-tol-y float 0 Half the length of the bounding box in the y-direction. The end point is at the center of the bounding box.
offset-control-tol-x float 0 Half the length of the bounding box in the x-direction. The control point is at the center of the bounding box.
offset-control-tol-y float 0 Half the length of the bounding box in the y-direction. The control point is at the center of the bounding box.
color string red Set the color of the coordinate system ( PL colors or HTML colors ).
stroke-width float 4 Set the width of the stroke.

Extension API

Custom elements for pl-drawing can be added with element extensions. Elements are defined in two places: in serverside Python to handle generation and reading of attributes from HTML, and in clientside JavaScript to enable user interaction and serializing back to the server. Your extension should thus contain at minimum a Python file and a JavaScript file.

Python

Each element is defined as a Python class, and inherits from BaseElement. You can import all relevant element functions and classes with the following:

elements = pl.load_host_script('elements.py')

This will load the BaseElement class, which contains the following method definitions:

class BaseElement:
    def generate(element)
    def is_gradable()
    def grade(ref, student, tol, angtol)
    def grading_name(element)
    def validate_attributes()
    def get_attributes()

Any element is free to define any of the above methods, and a description for each is given here:

  • generate(element, data) Generates the representation of the element that is sent to the clientside JavaScript. This function should parse element attributes using prairielearn.get_x_attrib(el) and return a dictionary that describes the element. The exact format of this dictionary is unimportant, as only the JavaScript implementation of your element will later be using this. data is a dictionary that currently contains clientFilesUrl, the base URL in which all client files can be loaded from.
  • is_gradable() Returns True if the current element is gradable, other it returns False if the element is not gradable and should be skipped in the grading stage.
  • grade(ref, student, tol, angtol) The grading method for this element, checks the student submission against the given reference. This should return True if the element is placed correctly, and False otherwise. tol specifies the spatial tolerance in pixels, while angtol specifies rotational tolerance in degrees. The ref and student submissions will match the format given in generate().
  • grading_name(element) Returns the grading name of this element as a string. Usually you do not need to define this unless you know what you are doing.
  • validate_attributes() Returns True if this element's attributes should be validated, False otherwise. It's recommended that you keep this as the default True unless you have a clear reason otherwise.
  • get_attributes() Returns a list of strings representing the possible attributes that this element may have defined in the question.html.

Here is an example definition of the pl-point element:

class Point(BaseElement):
    def generate(el, data):
        color = pl.get_color_attrib(el, 'color', 'black')

        return {
            'left': pl.get_float_attrib(el, 'x1', 20),
            'top': pl.get_float_attrib(el, 'y1', 20),
            'radius': pl.get_float_attrib(el, 'radius', drawing_defaults['point-size']),
            'originX': 'center',
            'originY': 'center',
            'fill': color,
            'selectable': drawing_defaults['selectable'],
            'evented': drawing_defaults['selectable']
        }

    def is_gradable():
        return True

    def grade(ref, st, tol, angtol):
        epos = np.array([st['left'], st['top']]).astype(np.float64)
        rpos = np.array([ref['left'], ref['top']])
        relx, rely = epos - rpos
        if relx > tol or relx < -tol or rely > tol or rely < -tol:
            return False
        return True

    def get_attributes():
        return ['x1', 'y1', 'radius', 'label', 'offsetx', 'offsety', 'color']

Each of these classes should then be placed into a global elements dictionary, mapping the name of the element to its class. This elements dictionary will be automatically picked up by pl-drawing when the extension is loaded:

elements = {}
elements['pl-point'] = Point

JavaScript

The clientside JavaScript portion of pl-drawing is built on Fabric.js, any elements should therefore be built on top of Fabric's shapes and those that are defined in the included mechanicsObjects.js file.

Similarly to the Python code, each element inherits from a base JavaScript class:

class PLDrawingBaseElement {
    static generate(canvas, options, submittedAnswer);
    static button_press(canvas, options, submittedAnswer);
    static get_button_icon(options);
    static get_button_tooltip(options);
}

Any element is free to define any of the above methods, and a description for each is given here:

  • generate(canvas, options, submittedAnswer) Creates a Fabric.js representation of the element and places it onto the canvas. The options dictionary that is passed in is the same one that is generated in the Python generate() function. This function should also register the element with the answer state (see example below, and definition of answer state class).
  • button_press(canvas, options, submittedAnswer) This function will be run whenever the sidebar control button for this element is pressed. By default this will call generate(), so in most cases you do not need to implement this.
  • get_button_icon(options) Returns the path as a string for this button's icon relative to clientFilesElement (or clientFilesExtension). By default, this will resolve to the same filename as the element's name, so if your image has the same name you do not need to implement this.
  • get_button_tooltip(options) Returns the tooltip that is displayed when the mouse hovers over this element's button.

Here is an example definition of the pl-point element:

class Point extends PLDrawingBaseElement {
    static generate(canvas, options, submittedAnswer) {
        let obj = new fabric.Circle(options);

        /* Disable all of the fabric resizing and rotating buttons for this element */
        obj.setControlVisible('bl', false);
        obj.setControlVisible('tl', false);
        obj.setControlVisible('br', false);
        obj.setControlVisible('tr', false);
        obj.setControlVisible('mt', false);
        obj.setControlVisible('mb', false);
        obj.setControlVisible('ml', false);
        obj.setControlVisible('mr', false);
        obj.setControlVisible('mtr', false);

        /* Generate a numeric ID for this element if it does not have one yet.  Each element
           is identified by a unique ID, this is important for answer submissions. */
        if (!('id' in obj)) {
            obj.id = window.PLDrawingApi.generateID();
        }
        canvas.add(obj);

        /* Selectable is automatically set to true if it is spawned with a button.
           If the object is not selectable (i.e. it is static and part of the background),
           then we do not need to register it with the submitted answer. */
        if (options.selectable) {
            /* Register the object with the submitted answer state */
            submittedAnswer.registerAnswerObject(options, obj);
        }

        return obj;
    }

    static get_button_tooltip() {
        return 'Add point';
    }
};

Afterwards, all elements must be explicitly registered with the pl-drawing element before they can be used. This can be achieved with the following code snippet:

/* This should exactly match the folder in elementExtensions/ */
const my_extension_name = 'extension';
const my_extensions = {
    'pl-point': Point
};
PLDrawingApi.registerElements(my_extension_name, my_extension);

JavaScript API

The pl-drawing element has some helper functions pre-defined and can be accessed with PLDrawingApi. A list of them is given here:

window.PLDrawingApi = {
    /**
     * Generates a new numeric ID for a submission object.
     * Each submitted object is uniquely identified by its ID.
     */
    generateID: function();

    /**
     * Register a dictionary of elements.  These should map element names
     * to a static class corresponding to the element itself.
     * @param extensionName Name of the extension/group of elements.
     * @param dictionary Dictionary of elements to register.
     */
    registerElements: function(extensionName, dictionary);

    /**
     * Generate an element from an options dictionary.
     * @param canvas Canvas to create the element on.
     * @param options Element options.  Must contain a 'type' key.
     * @param submittedAnswer Answer state object.
     */
    createElement: function(canvas, options, submittedAnswer);

    /**
     * Get an element definition by its name.
     * @param name Name of the element to look up.
     * @returns The element, if found.  Silently fails with the base element otherwise.
     */
    getElement: function(name);

    /**
     * Restore the drawing canvas state from a submitted answer.
     * @param canvas Canvas to restore state onto.
     * @param submittedAnswer Answer state to restore from.
     */
    restoreAnswer: function(canvas, submittedAnswer);

    /**
     * Main entrypoint for the drawing element.
     * Creates canvas at a given root element.
     * @param root_elem DIV that holds the canvas.
     * @param elem_options Any options to give to the element
     * @param existing_answer_submission Existing submission to place on the canvas.
     */
    setupCanvas: function(root_elem, elem_options, existing_answer_submission);
}

The definition for the answer drawing state (submittedAnswer) is given here. In most cases, only registerAnswerObject() is needed, but updateObject() may be used if your object is sufficiently complex. (See pl-controlled-line in mechanicsObjects.js for an example of this.)

class PLDrawingAnswerState {
    /**
     * Update an object in the submitted answer state.
     * @param object Object to update.
     */
    updateObject(object);

    /**
     * Find an object by its ID.
     * @param id Numeric id to search by.
     * @returns The object, if found.  Null otherwise.
     */
    getObject(id);

    /**
     * Remove an object from the submitted answer.
     * @param object The object to delete, or its ID.
     */
    deleteObject(object);

    /**
     * Registers an object to save to the answer when modified.
     * This maintains a "submission" object that is separate from the canvas object.
     * By default, all properties from the canvas object are copied to the submission object.
     *
     * @options options Options that were passed to the 'generate()' function.
     * @options object Canvas object that was created and should be saved.
     * @modifyHandler {optional} Function that is run whenever the canvas object is modified.
     * This has the signature of (submitted_object, canvas_object).
     * Any properties that should be saved should be copied from canvas_object into
     * submitted_object.  If this is omitted, all properties from the canvas object
     * are copied as-is.
     * @removeHandler {optional} Function that is run whenever the canvas object is deleted.
     */
    registerAnswerObject(options, object, modifyHandler, removeHandler);
}

Button Icons

Button icons should be 38px×38px .svg files and placed in the clientFilesExtension directory of your extension. If you do not have an SVG editor installed, Inkscape can produce reasonable results.

These button icons can then be attached to your elements by setting the get_button_icon() function in your element's JavaScript class. This function returns a string containing the filename of the button icon relative to clientFilesElement.

demo/drawing/buttons demo/drawing/customizedButtons